At the end of the reform-minded century, the politicians took direct aim at gambling the casino across the United States.
Public opinion was shaped by the religious leaders who put together a traveling revival to show that traveled the country preaching against the evils of gambling and drinking.
These religious meetings held under the large tents offered reformed players who gave live testimonials as to the trappings and crookedness of the “sporting life”.
In cities from New York to San Francisco, reform administrations stimulated by religious leaders closed down gambling casinos.
Cleveland, Detroit, Pittsburgh, Chicago, Denver, San Francisco, and New Orleans all attacked game operations. Hot Springs, Arkansas, known as the “Monte Carlo of the Midwest”, had several gambling clubs that featured lighthouse, roulette, poker, dice, and slot machines.
In 1910, Judge Woods chose in a compromise to rid the hot springs of “game hells”, shut down from all the casinos.
The French Lick, Indiana, they want to be known as open gambling city, severely restricted the operation of its many casinos.
The course of game reform in the canton, Ohio, is typical of what happened in many locales. In 1911, two traveling preachers, Quinn and Ashby, convinced Canton officials that the game was rampant in their city.
Officials prevailed over the sheriff, who responded by attacking two of the largest gaming corridors. According to police reports, several cars of the game paraphernalia were taken off and burned.
After a few months, the attacked casinos opened again to the business as usual.
Reverend Richard, a pastor of the United Church of the brothers, described local conditions that gambling is the abysmal hole in the city known as Canton.
The city is known among the good and wise to the ends of the earth as the home of McKinley.
Quinn and Ashby returned to the canton and secured evidence of continued play. The council members were again convinced of the canton to take action, and the sheriff “cleans up the city”.
Subsequently, ninety gambling detentions were made; the operators, convinced of the resolution of the council, closed their casinos and left the city.
Legislatures of state often incited local reform efforts to prohibit or restrict the game. In 1907, New Mexico and Arizona passed laws across the state of counter-gambling that even banned the card playing in the country.
Nevada followed suit, banning all play in 1910. Approved bills from the New York, California, Missouri, Illinois, and Alabama legislatures to facilitate action against illegal gambling operators.
Bet-A-million gates (who had once wagered thousands on the number of flies going on in a sugar cube) repeated a commonly held view of gambling participation during a speech before the Methodist Church at Arturo Portuario, Texas, December 5, 1909.
The statement on the doors was, ‘do not play. Do not play the cards. Do not bet on the breeds of the horse. Do not speculate on wheat. Do not speculate in the stock market. Do not throw the dice. Do not contract honest work. Do not be a player. ‘
It blocked the last statement to the religious conclave, however, prophetically proven for the American public: “Once a player, always a player.”